On 8 January 2016, President Sauli Niinistö signed a law passed by the Parliament on the enactment and application of the provisions in the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court (UPC Agreement). The Finnish Patents Act was amended to achieve uniformity with the provisions of the UPC Agreement. With these steps taken, Finland has ratified the UPC Agreement and it will enter into force after being ratified by at least 13 Member States, including France, Germany and the United Kingdom. So far it has been ratified by 9 Member States (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Sweden and Finland).
The UPC Agreement is open to accession by the Member States only. The Unified Patent Court (UPC) will be a court common to the Contracting Member States and have exclusive competence in respect of European patents and European patents with unitary effect. It will consist of a Court of First Instance, a Court of Appeal and a Registry and its rulings will have effect in the territory of those Contracting Member States that have ratified the UPC Agreement.